Trading with the Enemy Act (H.R. 4960, Public, No. 91)

Trading With the Enemy Act

1. Trading With the Enemy and Emergency War Powers.

When writing the U.S. Constitution Madison wrote that the state interminably enhances its power through “the old trick of turning every contingency into a resource for accumulating force in the government.” It does not matter what the “contingency” is, whether “benevolent” (dispensing benefits like welfare, food stamps, paying farmers not to grow crops, etc.), dealing with some “emergency” (the “drug problem,” a natural disaster, a “banking” crisis), or demanding sacrifice and allegiance to wage war.

The U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, Clause 11, states:

“Congress shall have the power to declare War, grant Letters of Marque and reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;”

A Government’s con of fostering emergencies and stepping in as hero to extricate the people from the “difficulty” through dramatically increasing state power is as old as governments themselves. The U.S. bankruptcy occurring in 1861 placed the country under Emergency War Powers (12 Stat 319), which has never been repealed and exists in Title 50 USC Sections 212, 213, 215, Appendix 16, 26 CFR Chapter 1 § 303.1-6(a), and 31 CFR Chapter 5 § 500.701 Penalties. The “Civil War” was not fought over slavery (a mere pretext), but over private legal and banking control of America. On October 6, 1917, the United States passed the Trading with the Enemy Act (H.R. 4960, Public, No. 91), granting itself extraordinary additional powers under the cover of WW1. The Act states:

“(b) During time of war or during any other period of national emergency declared by the President, the President may, through any agency that he may designate, or otherwise, investigate, regulate, or prohibit, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, by means of licenses or otherwise, any transactions in foreign exchange, transfers of credit between or payments by banking institutions as defined by the President, and export, hoarding, melting, or earmarking of gold or silver coin or bullion or currency, by any person within the United States or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof; and the President may require any person engaged in any transaction referred to in this subdivision to furnish under oath, complete information relative thereto, including the production of any books of account, contracts, letters or other papers, in connection therewith in the custody or control of such person, either before or after such transaction is completed….” and

“(c) Such other individuals, or body or class of individuals, as may be natives, citizens, or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war, other than citizens of the United States, wherever resident or wherever doing business, as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States or the successful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include within the term ‘enemy’.” [Emphasis added.]

On March 9, 1933, just after Roosevelt’s Inauguration, Congress passed the Amendatory Act (48 Stat. 1) to the Trading With the Enemy Act, at a time when the United States was not in a shooting war with any foreign foe. The American people were (unknowingly) at war with their conquerors, the Banksters, who had defeated and captured the country by the treachery of their something-for-nothing paper-money banking swindle, not force of arms. This amended version provided “legal” justification for dramatic increases in the power, scope, and authority of the U.S. Government (now owned by and an administrative agency of the FR / IMF bankers). Three facets of such increase are:

1. The President became King, Tyrant, and Monarch in a “Constitutional Dictatorship” in the service of the Banksters, as per in Section 1 of Title I of the Act:

“The actions, regulations, rules, licenses, orders and proclamations heretofore or hereinafter taken, promulgated, made, or issued by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Treasury, pursuant to the authority conferred by subdivision (b) of section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917, as
amended, are hereby approved and confirmed.

This means that anything the President wants to do (as a puppet for his bosses, the FR / IMF Bankers) is “approved and confirmed” automatically, in advance (“hereinafter”) and backed by the full force, effect, and power of the “Government.” Title 12 USC 95(a) states in part:

“(a) In order to provide for the safer and more effective operation of the national Banking System and the Federal Reserve System [indicating that the President acts for, on behalf of, and under the direction of the Federal Reserve],…during such emergency period as the President of the United States by proclamation may prescribe,…”

Every President since Roosevelt has reaffirmed the “national emergency” and issued “Executive Orders” under 12 USC 95, while continuing the “reorganization” (sellout) of the country to the FR / IMF Bankers. Since March 18, 1968, 31 USC 5112 (84 Stat. 1769; 1970) and 31 USC 5119, FRNs have not been redeemable in silver. In 1971-1973 President Nixon declared total international bankruptcy, rendering private Federal Reserve “Notes” unredeemable, non-negotiable (“floating”) pieces of paper as a medium of exchange. These Notes can be categorized as “worthless securities” cited in 26 USC 165(g).

2. The original Trading with the Enemy Act excluded citizens of the United States from being treated as the enemy when involved in transactions wholly within the United States. The Amendatory Act of March 9, 1933, however, included the people of the United States as the enemy by inserting the following:

“…by any person within the United States or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof;…” Chapter 1, Title 1, Section 1(b).

By operation of law the American people became the “enemy” of the private FR / IMF Creditors in bankruptcy, who have thereafter been administering their prize / conquest through their alter ego and front, the “U.S. Government.” To regulate and control their slaves / chattel property, they rendered (under color of law and government) all intercourse illegal amongst the American people without obtaining permission through licensing. To travel, a driver’s license is required; to open a business requires a business license (not to mention additional and on-going mountains of “red tape”); to work for another one must obtain licensing through a Social Security card.3

To be “within the United States” one must merely be a “person” or “resident,” i.e. a 14th Amendment “citizen of the United States.”

3. Through the Amendatory Act (also known as the “Emergency Banking Relief Act”) the American people became “Merchants” in a colorable, private “Law Merchant,” a particular version of the ancient “law of negotiable instruments,” whereby anyone dealing with private commercial paper is subject to all the laws, rules, regulations, policies, restrictions, and harsh penalties connected with its use. A “Merchant” sacrifices all his rights to ensure that the “Law of Negotiable Instruments,” upon which commerce in a particular sphere depends, is successfully executed and precisely enforced.

The transformation from being free sovereign Americans to slaves (Merchants) bound to a gargantuan, complex, and unknowable mass of rules invented by others was codified in Section 2. Subdivision (b) of the Amendatory Act:

“…the President may require any person engaged in any transaction referred to in this subdivision to furnish under oath, complete information relative thereto, including the production of any books of account, contracts, letters or other papers, in connection therewith in the custody or control of such person, either before or after such transaction is completed.”

This has been the duty of “Merchants” for thousands of years. All a Merchant’s property, records, books, and affairs are totally subject to inspection with harsh penalties imposed for aberrations. A “Merchant” must make a yearly accounting, now fulfilled by filing IRS Form 1040 whereby reports of earnings and affairs are made to the owners of the negotiable instruments (FRNs) the slaves / Merchants are compelled to use.4

One is bound to the Law Merchant not simply by using the “money” per se. Adhesion contracts subject persons to the 14th Amendment as bankrupt corporate / commercial entities in legal incapacity. Such persons are “subject” (feudal law term used in the 14th Amendment) to the private, colorable Law Merchant for its private bankruptcy, revenue, forfeiture, admiralty / maritime, general equity courts to confiscate property in rem.

By becoming party to Government adhesion contracts such as marriage licenses, and chattel / pedigree papers called “birth certificates,” people volunteered to change their standing as sovereigns with unalienable rights to commercial feudal slaves / serfs with no rights and only government-granted privileges. As Pitt said: “Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants, it is the creed of slaves.”5

Footnotes for this section…

3 It is stated in the Bible that one cannot buy, sell, or trade without the MARK. (See Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th Ed., Marque: License of reprisal.) A Social Security Number is a commercial tracking number (FR Bank Account #) enabling the Banksters to monitor (tax and regulate) their commercial chattel property (you!) anywhere in the world.

4 See 26 CFR Ch. 1, § 303.1, wherein the IRS collects taxes (liens) under the Trading With the Enemy Act.

5 William Pitt, the Younger, speech in the House of Commons, November 18, 1783.